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By Keijiro Otsuka

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Under the Bolon system, aged tall seedlings are transplanted to the low-lying rice fields from the Bolon plot late in the season when the probability of occurrence of consecutive days of heavy rains is less; even if it occurs, the tall seedlings would not be submerged. Thus, this method of crop establishment, which has been developed by the farmers themselves and hence is an indigenous technology, helps avoid submergence of the rice plant from the uneven distribution of rainfall during the peak monsoon season.

G. Chengappa and Aldas Janaiah productivity enhancing factors in determining productivity growth. In order to assess the determinants of TFP, the TFP index was regressed on crop research investment per hectare of area per year, which is a linear trend variable. The time series data from different years were pooled. Estimation was done by using a fixed-effects approach for the pooled cross section and time series data set. Using the elasticity of TFP with respect to research investment, one can easily estimate the value of marginal product (additional product value) of research investment (R) as: VMP (R) = b × (V/R) Where, R = the research investment V = the value of the production associated with TFP b = the TFP elasticity of research investment Estimated in the TFP determinant equation above, the benefit stream generated under the assumption that the benefit of investment made in research in period (t – 1) will start generating a benefit after a lag of years at an increasing rate in the beginning, remain constant for a period of time and thereafter decline following the typical inverted ‘V’ shape curve.

Aragie (2001) showed in his study that geographic location of the farm has an impact on farm efficiency. Likewise, tenancy ratio may influence the level of technical efficiency and hence it is included in the model. 1. Most of the farmers (54 per cent) were young, between 20–35 years old. The average age of the sample farmers was 40 years. Although the literacy rate in Bangladesh is now increasing, most of the farmers had little education. About 35 per cent farmers did not have formal education, 24 per cent attended only primary schools and 17 per cent had secondary level education.

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