By Yi Wang
This ebook offers a accomplished assessment of the evolution of Beijing’s city constitution within the twentieth century, examining crucial social and fiscal alterations within the housing region. targeting the city alterations that happened below the industry economic system after 1978 and past, the ebook addresses the demolition of courtyard homes in Beijing’s previous urban, the relocation of low-income households from the outdated urban, the government’s function relating to housing within the urban, and home segregation in Beijing. increasing at the author’s PhD thesis on the collage of Cambridge, it truly is illustrated with a wealth of historical images and maps of Beijing. featuring proper descriptions, wide literature and case reviews, the booklet bargains a invaluable source for college students and students of structure, city stories and chinese language reviews. First released in 2013 via velocity in Hong Kong, it has because been further to the libraries of many extraordinary universities, together with Harvard, MIT, Princeton, Columbia, Yale, Stanford, Cornell, U Penn, NYU, UC Berkeley, Hong Kong collage, UBC in Canada and the college of Witwatersrand in South Africa.
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This ebook presents a entire review of the evolution of Beijing’s city constitution within the twentieth century, interpreting crucial social and financial alterations within the housing area. targeting the city adjustments that happened lower than the marketplace financial system after 1978 and past, the publication addresses the demolition of courtyard homes in Beijing’s outdated urban, the relocation of low-income households from the outdated urban, the government’s function concerning housing within the urban, and home segregation in Beijing.
Additional info for A Century of Change: Beijing's Urban Structure in the 20th Century
In 1973, the reopened Beijing’s Municipal Bureau of Urban Planning produced a master plan (see Fig. 19). It indicated that the city had occupied so much land and the industries have become over centralized that they had resulted in serious shortages of water and land, and environmental pollution. The plan was submitted to Beijing’s Municipal Communist Party Committee8 and, however, was pigeonholed, not open to discussion (Wang 2003: 345). 7 The Great Cultural Revolution was a radical movement in China initiated by Mao Zedong in 1966.
After the 1950s, when administrative departments and public facilities were constructed on a large scale within this area, it followed that a considerable number of courtyard houses had to be dismantled in consequence. 1). In particular, in 1958, in order to build the Great Hall of the People and the National Museum of History on Tian’anmen Square, and to break through Chang’an Avenue from east to west, altogether 540,000 m2 of old houses were dismantled (see Fig. 20). Unfortunately, these old houses were for the most part not dilapidated houses, which needed to be reconstructed, but courtyard houses of relatively good quality located along the street frontage (Ping 1999).
Here, I shall summarize the four features of the plan of Dadu (see Fig. 2). First, since the original site of the Jin capital, Zhongdu, was destroyed by ﬁre during the dynastic transition from the Jin to the Yuan, the Yuan capital of Dadu was moved to the north-eastern suburbs of Zhongdu, and arranged around the beautiful lake region which had been the suburban palace of the Jin. This change in site also meant that the source of its water supply changed from the Lianhua Pond to the Gaoliang River.